The tools needed to prune the backs of cherry trees include: hand pruner, long-handled scissors and pruning saws. Bypass pruning shears are better than anvils; they can do a tighter pruning job than anvil pruners. The first task in pruning care for cherry trees, and indeed before pruning any bearing trees, is to disinfect the pruning tools. This is to prevent the potential spread of disease from other plants to cherries.
You can wipe the blades with topical alcohol and a rag, or mix one part bleach with nine parts water, then rinse with water and wipe dry. How to Prune Cherry Trees at a Young Age Young cherry trees should be pruned to an open vase shape to allow light and air penetration, thereby increasing the number of blooms that will produce abundant fruit. First, cut off any suckers on the trunk and on the branches pointing to the trunk, as well as any weak branches. All of these are fairly pointless branches that struggle to get nutrients from the area of the tree where you want them to go.
Telescopic Tree Pruner
Cutting them also helps to increase air circulation. Cut suckers outside the neck ring of the branch, the raised area where the stem intersects the trunk. Also, cut off any branches that are obviously dead, diseased or broken. An exception to the above rule is made in the fall or winter for tree heads. A heading cut is the removal of a beat, branch, or limb that goes up a portion to one-third to one-half of its length. If you set out in the spring, you will cut off the developed buds, potentially fruitful. Tap is cutting off the top of the leader, the central trunk, to promote the growth of lateral branches.
This is done in the first year or two to control the shape of the tree. Make sure the sapling is more than 30 inches (76 cm) tall before harvesting. Cut a 45-degree angle in the lead to make the tree 24 to 36 inches (61-92 cm) tall. In the following year, begin creating a scaffold thread, a set of four lateral branches that protrude from the tree to provide a more sturdy structure. Select four strong, evenly spaced branches to retain and prune the others. Select limbs that are at a 45- to 60-degree angle to the leader and at least 8 inches (20 cm) vertically from the lowest branch, which is approximately 18 inches (46 cm) from the ground.
Telescopic Tree Pruner
Cut these four branches back to 24 inches (61 cm), cutting a quarter-inch diagonal above the bud. This is where the new growth will appear. Continue to make clean cuts to the leads to remove the remaining branches. The following year, create a second scaffold thread. This tree will now be taller, so choose another set of four branches to keep it about 2 feet (61 cm) taller than the first set. Select branches that will not fall on the older major limbs.
Repeat these steps to create a second scaffold. Pruning mature cherries Once the tree has grown for three years, it's time to promote outward growth by pruning new vertical branches. At this point, you will need pruners or pruning saws, not scissors. Again, clean the tools before use. Also, prune any dead or diseased limbs and dead fruit. Cut off any suckers at the roots of the tree. Remove any crossed branches.
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